Tuesday, January 9, 2018

National and State Flyers/Info for Childcare Providers, Moms and Doctors

NATIONAL RESOURCES




  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides an excellent flyer: Talking with Pregnant Patients about CMV: A Resource for Healthcare Providers: https://www.cdc.gov/cmv/downloads/pregnant-patients-cmv.pdf
OTHERS
1."Staff Education and Policies on Cytomegalovirus (CMV)," American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) et al., Caring for Our Children: http://cfoc.nrckids.org/StandardView/7.7.1.1.
2. National CMV Foundation features several types of CMV flyers for downloading and hanging on your wall.
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a video and posters on handwashing procedures and what to do if soap and water are not available. CMV info:
Español: Acerca del citomegalovirus, https://www.cdc.gov/cmv/overview-sp.html
4. CMV is a Bloodborne Pathogen. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has policies in place.
5. MotherToBaby.org provides factsheet on cytomegalovirus (CMV) and mentions daycare workers.
6. Daycare.com: Cytomegalovirus webpage.
7. Congenital CMV Disease Research Clinic and Registry, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, provides expert advice. Information also in Spanish. Contact: Gail J Demmler-Harrison, MD.
8. NAEYC: National Association for the Education of Young Children and its "Early Childhood Program Standards and Accreditation Criteria and Guidance for Assessment (10.D.01, p.91)" includes: "a. steps to reduce occupational hazards such as infectious diseases (e.g., exposure of pregnant staff to CMV [cytomegalovirus], chicken pox)..."9. Article, “The Danger of Spreading CMV: How We Can Protect Our Children” (ChildCare Aware of America).
9. Germ Prevention Coloring Book, Once Upon a Placemat: A Table Setting Tale by Lisa Saunders 

THE COST OF NOT PROVIDING CMV PREVENTION EDUCATION:
Children disabled by congenital CMV are estimated to cost the U.S. healthcare system, $1.86 billion annually at $300,000/year each. (Modlin et al., 2004).

STATE
Check uour state’s childcare care licensing department, department of health, local universities with occupational medicine and public health programs. 

ARIZONA

In 2015, Arizona saw 38,886 births. Assuming 1 out 750 (.001) are born permanently disabled by CMV, then you have 38,886 x .001= 38.88 or 39 babies born disabled by cCMV in Arizona each year. Estimated at costing the U.S. healthcare system $300,000 per child per year means that your state is spending $11,665,800 annually in medical costs. Since prevention education studies show greater than 75% effectiveness, that is a lot of money being spent on preventable medical expenses. 

CONNECTICUT
Connecticut requires each newborn that fails the newborn hearing screening to be tested for congenital CMV.
Although prevention education didn't pass in Connecticut because of funds, the Connecticut Department of Public Health now provides the following information and flyers:

1.     Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH) website,  Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV): http://portal.ct.gov/dph/Family-Health/EHDI/Home-page--Early-Hearing-Detection-and-Intervention-Program-Home-Page%20
2.     CT DPH and National CMV Foundation flyer: Are You Pregnant?  http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/ncmvf_awareness_flyer_ct_dph.pdf

3. Flyer includes info for childcare providers from CT DPH on back: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9Klfxar2CmjemlkcElQQkZfQWs/view
4.     Flyer FOR OBSTETRIC HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/about_cmv_obs.pdf
5.     Flyer: TESTING FOR OBSTETRIC HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/cmv_testing_info_obs.pdf


According to my calculations, providing prevention education could annually save several million dollars in the State of Connecticut alone.  Children disabled by congenital CMV are estimated to cost the U.S. healthcare system, $1.86 billion annually at $300,000/year each. (Modlin et al., 2004).

In 2015, Connecticut’s annual cost to the healthcare system of caring for children disabled by congenital CMV can be calculated at 35,746 total births x .001 congenital CMVdisabled = 36 disabled babies X $300,000/year  = $10,800,000 annually.

Connecticut Organizations that care:
CT Child Care Association and Educational Playcare, http://www.ctcca.org/
Gerry Pastor, Gerry@educationalplaycare.co

Eda diBiccari, Child Care Union
CSEA SEIU Local 2001

HAWAII
 Hawaiirequires the state to educate the public and professionals about congenital CMV

IDAHO
Idaho has legislation 

ILLINOIS
Illinois has legislation that requires both education and screening.

IOWA
Iowa has legislation that requires both education and screening.

MAINE
In 2017, Maine proposed universal newborn CMV screening. While the legislation did not pass, the legislature established a committee to investigate universal CMV screening to provide a recommendation to the state in 2018.

MICHIGAN
Michigan proposed legislation.

MINNESOTA
Minnesota proposed legislation.

NEW YORK
Proposed Legislative Mandates: Education and Screening: New York 
New York based health websites provide CMV information: 
  • Pregnant women working in child care facilities should minimize direct exposure to saliva…Hugging is fine and is not a risk factor, (NY Dept. of Health)
This NYC website states: "Pregnant women working in child care facilities should minimize direct exposure to saliva and avoid kissing babies or young children on the mouth." Find  that comment at: https://www1.nyc.gov/site/doh/health/health-topics/cytomegalovirus.page


My work on the Connecticut CMV testing bill was featured in Cornell’s Alumni Magazine  out of Ithaca, NY.

Legislation (2017-2018): https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/bills/2017/s2816/amendment/original#yes

New York Organizations that care:
Unions
CSEA in Albany, AFCME, 518-257-1000

Tammie Miller, Chapter Chair
 UFT Family Child Care Providers

OREGON
Oregon has legislation that requires both education and screening.

PENNSYLVANIA
Pennsylvania Proposed Legislative Mandates

TENNESSEE
Tennessee requires healthcare providers to educate women of childbearing age.

TEXAS
Texas has legislation. Texas Medical Association asks, “Have you talked with your pregnant patients about congenital CMV?” See its downloadable fact sheet

UTAH
Utah has legislation that requires both education and screening.

Sunday, January 7, 2018

Health Insurance Can Save Money By Teaching CMV Prevention

Does your health insurance company work to prevent the leading viral cause of birth defects, congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV)?

According to the New York Times in 2016, CMV Is a Greater Threat to Infants Than Zika, but Far Less Often Discussed

I am the parent representative of the Congenital Cytomegalovirus Foundation and advocate for providing women of childbearing age information about congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV), which causes more birth defects than fetal alcohol syndrome and has been referred to as America's Zika.

I am able to speak on CMV prevention to your organization or provide additional information for anyone on your staff who would normally teach birth defect prevention. 

“Despite being the leading cause of mental retardation and disability in children, there are currently no national public awareness campaigns to educate expecting mothers about congenital CMV,” states Clinical Advisor article, “Educate pregnant women to prevent congenital CMV” (2014).

Of the four million infants born each year in the U.S., approximately 1% are infected prenatally with CMV (American Academy of Pediatrics et al., Caring for Our Children, 2011).  Ten percent of those infants (about 4,000) may have one or multiple abnormalities.

CMV is often found in the bodily fluids of otherwise healthy toddlers. Toddlers can spread the disease to other toddlers by mouthing each other’s toys, and to their adult caregivers who may be unaware of how to properly handle bodily fluids such as saliva and nasal secretions. Unfortunately, most women of childbearing age don’t know about CMV, and don’t realize they should avoid kissing toddlers around the mouth or share cups and utensils with them.

Although CMV did no harm to the toddlers in my in-home licensed childcare center, my daughter  Elizabeth was born severely disabled by congenital CMV. After her birth, I was then given information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stating, "People who care for or work closely with young children may be at greater risk of CMV infection than other people because CMV infection is common among young children..." This information came too late to spare Elizabeth. Nowhere in my daycare licensing training was CMV mentioned. CMV prevention was not discussed in my prenatal doctor visits.

I worked to get a CMV testing bill passed in 2015.  Although prevention education didn't pass because of funds, the Connecticut Department of Public Health now provides the following information and flyers:

1.     Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH) website,  Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV): http://portal.ct.gov/dph/Family-Health/EHDI/Home-page--Early-Hearing-Detection-and-Intervention-Program-Home-Page%20
2.     CT DPH and National CMV Foundation flyer: Are You Pregnant?  http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/ncmvf_awareness_flyer_ct_dph.pdf
3.     Flyer FOR OBSTETRIC HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/about_cmv_obs.pdf
4.     Flyer: TESTING FOR OBSTETRIC HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/cmv_testing_info_obs.pdf

According to my calculations, providing prevention education could annually save several million dollars in the State of Connecticut alone.  Children disabled by congenital CMV are estimated to cost the U.S. healthcare system, $1.86 billion annually at $300,000/year each. (Modlin et al., 2004).

In 2015, Connecticut’s annual cost to the healthcare system of caring for children disabled by congenital CMV can be calculated at 35,746 total births x .001 congenital CMVdisabled = 36 disabled babies X $300,000/year  = $10,800,000 annually.

CMV prevention education works according to several studies. The New York Times stated, “pregnant mothers shown a video and offered hygiene tips were much less likely to get CMV (5.9 percent) than those not given information on prevention (41.7 percent)” (Saint Louis, 2016). Five CMV prevention education studies published between 1993 and 2015 were analyzed in the article, Prevention of Maternal–Fetal Transmission of Cytomegalovirus: “In each report, the efficacy of hygienic precautions has been [greater than] 75%” (Adler, 2015).

This one-page fact sheet I created for policy makers provides more information: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B9Klfxar2CmjU1ZLRUc2VlFNbEE/view or you may wish to click into my list of 15 reasons why childcare givers need to know about CMV


Please let me know if I can meet with you to discuss ways we can prevent the suffering caused by congenital CMV. 

Thank you!

Lisa Saunders
CMV Awareness Advocate, Parent Rep., Congenital Cytomegalovirus Foundation
http://congenitalcmv.org/ | PO Box 389., Mystic, CT 06355
LisaSaunders42@gmail.com

Saturday, January 6, 2018

Congenital CMV Fact Sheet for Policy Makers


What is cytomegalovirus (CMV)? 
Between 50% and 80% of adults in the U.S. are infected with CMV by 40 years of age. It is the leading birth defects virus passed from mother to unborn baby. Congenital (meaning present at birth) CMV can cause disabilities in unborn babies such as hearing loss, mental impairment, and cerebral palsy. Disabilities from congenital CMV "exceeds those from the fetal alcohol syndrome, spina bifida, and childhood infections..."(Boppana and Fowler, 2017). About 1 out of 750 (or .1%) babies are born permanently disabled by congenital CMV. According to the CDC:
·         Approximately 1 in 200 children is born with cCMV infection.
·         One in five babies [about 4,000 babies annually] with cCMV infection will have long-term health problems.

Is this the “kitty litter” disease? 
No, that is toxoplasmosis, which causes fewer birth defects than cCMV.

How can CMV be avoided?
  • ·         Wash hands often with soap and water for 15-20 seconds, especially after wiping runny noses, changing diapers, picking up toys, etc. If soap and water are not available, use alcohol-based hand gel.
  • ·         Use soap and water or a disinfectant to clean hard surfaces that have been contaminated by secretions.
  • ·         Don’t kiss young children on the lips or share food, drinks, or eating utensils with them.

SUMMARY: The CDC "suggests that pregnant women reduce their risk of CMV acquisition during pregnancy using simple hygienic precautions but this suggestion is not often followed” (Adler, 2015). 

Why don’t doctors routinely warn women of childbearing age about congenital CMV?


How many women know about congenital CMV? 
Only 9 % of women surveyed about CMV heard of it (Doutre et al., 2016).

What about a vaccine against CMV? 
Researchers have been working on a vaccine against HCMV (human cytomegalovirus) for years. One reason for delay in successful development is “there has been insufficient education about the problem of HCMV infection…”

What can we do to protect our children from CMV? 
Educate the public! “Despite being the leading cause of mental retardation and disability in children, there are currently no national public awareness campaigns to educate expecting mothers about congenital CMV,” states Clinical Advisor articleEducate pregnant women to prevent congenital CMV” (2014). Pass a bill similar Utah’s H.B 81 (2013) requiring cCMV prevention education plus testing newborns for cCMV if they fail hearing screen tests so their families can be educated about early intervention services and treatment options. To test for CMV, a saliva or urine sample is collected from the newborn and sent to a laboratory.

Cost of a CMV bill? 
Example: in 2014, Connecticut put CMV prevention education at $40,000 first year. Newborn hearing tests are already required in CT (and most states) and insurance pays for CMV testing (estimated at $150) if baby fails the hearing screen.

What is the annual cost of caring for children disabled by cCMV in the U.S.? 
$1.86 billion annually, with a cost per child of more than $300,000, is the estimated cost of congenital CMV to the US health care system” (Modlin, Arvin et al., 2004).

Annual cost of caring for children disabled cCMV by state? 
In 2015, 3,978,497 babies were born in U.S. with .1% disabled by cCMV = 3,978 babies.  Example state: in 2015, Connecticut’s annual cost of caring for children disabled by cCMV can be calculated at 35,746 births x .1% cCMV disabled = 36 babies X $300,000/year = $10,800,000 or nearly $11 million annually.  

Which women are at greatest risk for contracting CMV? 
According to the CDC, "People who care for or work closely with young children may be at greater risk of CMV infection than other people because CMV infection is common among young children..."
1.      Parents of children in day-care centers are at increased risk for contracting CMV (Pass et al, 1986).
2.      Day-care workers are at greater risk (Joseph, et al., 2006). Caregivers/teachers should be told about CMV because of increased probability of exposure (American Academy of Pediatrics et al.. 2011). “Providers do not know how to appropriately sanitize surfaces ...” Many providers use diapers wipes to clean a surface. Diaper wipes do not sanitize (Thackeray et al., 2016).


Will it make a difference if women are educated on CMV prevention? 
Yes, according to the New York Times, “pregnant mothers shown a video and offered hygiene tips were much less likely to get CMV (5.9 percent) than those not given information on prevention (41.7 percent)” (Saint Louis, 2016). Five CMV prevention education studies published between 1993 and 2015 were analyzed in the article, Prevention of Maternal–Fetal Transmission of Cytomegalovirus: “In each report, the efficacy of hygienic precautions has been > 75%...For seronegative pregnant women who are at high risk because of exposure to a young child in the home or in large group childcare, hygienic precautions are simple, inexpensive, and highly effective” (Adler, 2015). 

* Fact sheet prepared by Lisa Saunders of Mystic, CT, parent representative of the Congenital CMV Foundation. Bibliography found at http://congenitalcmv.blogspot.com/2017/05/cmv-bibliography-with-source-links.html

Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Ask your legislator to file/sponsor a CMV awareness bill!

The following letter is geared to CT legislators. You can just replace some of my CT info with your state's webpages. To see where your state stands: https://www.nationalcmv.org/cmv-research/legislation.aspx

Dear [Legislator]:

As you may be aware, in 2015, Connecticut passed H.B. No. 5525: An Act Concerning Cytomegalovirus (CMV). 

Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the leading viral cause of birth defects.  According to the New York Times, "CMV Is a Greater Threat to Infants Than Zika, but Far Less Often Discussed." 

Of the four million infants born each year in the U.S., approximately 1% are infected prenatally with CMV (American Academy of Pediatrics [AAP] et al., Caring for Our Children, 2011).  Ten percent of those infants (about 4,000) may have one or multiple abnormalities.

Although I'm thrilled that Connecticut newborns who fail their hearing test will now be tested for CMV, I'm hoping you can do something to ensure prevention education for women of childbearing age, particularly for childcare givers as they are at increased risk for CMV and need to know how to protect their pregnancy. 

CMV is often found in the bodily fluids of otherwise healthy toddlers. Toddlers can spread the disease to other toddlers by mouthing each other’s toys, and to their adult caregivers who may be unaware of how to properly handle bodily fluids such as saliva and nasal secretions. Unfortunately, most women of childbearing age don’t know about CMV, and don’t realize they should avoid kissing toddlers around the mouth or share cups and utensils with them. Most child care providers have never heard of CMV despite recommendations made by the American Academy of Pediatrics that it is "important for the child care center director to inform infant caregivers/teachers of the increased risk of exposure to CMV during pregnancy.”


FACTS ABOUT CHILD CARE AND CMV

·        8- 20% of child care providers contract CMV infection  (AAP et al., 2011) versus 1-4% in general population.  

·        44% to 100% of two-year-olds in group daycare are excreting CMV (Pass et al., 1986).

·        Only 18.5% of licensed “in-home” daycare providers surveyed have heard of CMV and  “Providers do not know how to appropriately sanitize surfaces to reduce spread of disease.” Many use diaper wipes to clean surfaces, which do not sanitize (Thackeray et al., 2016). 

Although CMV did no harm to the toddlers in my  in-home licensed childcare center, my daughter  Elizabeth was born severely disabled by congenital CMV. After her birth, I was then given information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stating, "People who care for or work closely with young children may be at greater risk of CMV infection than other people because CMV infection is common among young children..." This information came too late to spare Elizabeth. Nowhere in my daycare licensing training was CMV mentioned. CMV prevention was not discussed in my prenatal doctor visits. 

Because the prevention education part of the Connecticut bill didn't pass in 2015 (it was estimated to cost CT $40,000/year), is there anything you can do to ensure childcare providers learn about CMV? Can you file a CMV prevention education bill with the CT Public Health Committee?

In 2015, Connecticut’s annual cost of caring for children disabled by cCMV can be calculated at 35,746 births x .001 cCMV disabled = 36 babies X $300,000/year (Modlin, Arvin et al., 2004) = $10,800,000 or nearly $11 million annually. 

The following is the prevention education wording that didn't pass in the Connecticut CMV bill, but other states have passed it to include educating childcare providers about CMV: 

Sec. 2. (NEW) (Effective July 1, 2014) (a) The Commissioner of Public Health shall establish a public education program to inform pregnant women and women who may become pregnant concerning: (1) The incidence of cytomegalovirus; (2) transmission of cytomegalovirus to pregnant women and women who may become pregnant; (3) birth defects caused by congenital cytomegalovirus; (4) methods of diagnosing congenital cytomegalovirus; (5) measures to prevent transmission of cytomegalovirus; and (6) methods of treating congenital cytomegalovirus. The commissioner shall make such information available to child day care centers and group day care homes, licensed in accordance with section 19a-80 of the general statutes, licensed health care providers who provide services to pregnant women and infants, school nurses and other persons providing health education in schools, and other organizations providing services to children in a group setting.

Just FYI, I thought you might be interested to know what is being done about child care workers in a few other countries: 
  • Queensland, Australia: in addition to infection control methods, they practice: “relocating workers who are pregnant, or who expect to become pregnant, to care for children aged over two to reduce contact with urine and saliva.”
  • Germany: "Based on the German Maternity Protection Law (Mutterschutzgesetz)… to protect DCWs [day care workers] from primary infection, their CMV serostatus must be checked at the beginning of their pregnancy. When the DCW is seronegative, she is excluded from professional activities with children under the age of three years in order to prevent feto- or embryopathy in her offspring." (See: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4844919/).

POSSIBLE PROTOCOLS FOR CONNECTICUT CHILDCARE CENTERS 
  1. CMV prevention education added to the licensing training. Childcare providers are typically trained in first aid, CPR, and other topics. CMV prevention should be included in training about preventing infectious diseases.  (For sample training ideas, contact: Angela A. Crowley, PhD, APRN, PNP-BC, FAAN, Professor Emerita, Yale University School of Nursing, angela.crowley@yale.edu. She said The National Training Institute (NTI) for Child Care Health Consultant modules (2012) includes information on CMV and other infectious diseases in child care. You can find a link to the NTI modules at the Yale website: ctmedadmin.nursing.yale.edu. I found:  https://www.ncemch.org/child-care-health-consultants/Part1/1-10_m_infectious_disease.pdf
  2. CMV prevention brochures (see Utah's brochure for childcare providers).
  3. CMV prevention added to a childcare center’s handbook (see information provided by Daycare.com).
  4. CMV information added to Connecticut's New Staff Orientation Sample Form (pdf)
  5. CMV Prevention discussed at daycare center’s parent orientation.
  6. Signs about CMV prevention hanging in day care centers so staff and parents can see them (downloadable flyer at: CT Dept Public Health CMV flyer/web content.
  7. Currently, day care centers in Connecticut are inspected for: Items Posted: Conspicuous/Accessible  8.  License  9.  Current Fire Marshal Certificate   Date:____________  10. DPH Complaint Procedure  11. Food Service Certificate    Date:____________  12. Menus  13. Emergency Plans  14. No Smoking Signs  15. Radon Test     Date:_________ Results:___________ Staffing 19a-79-4a

As a result of the CMV testing bill passing in 2015, the Connecticut Department of Public Health now provides the following information and flyers about Congenital CMV on its website:

1.     Flyers from the Connecticut Department of Public Health website,  Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV): http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3138&q=527824
2.     National CMV Foundation flyer: Are You Pregnant? (2017). Retrieved from Connecticut Department of Public Health: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/ncmvf_awareness_flyer_ct_dph.pdf
3.     About Cytomegalovirus (CMV) FOR OBSTETRIC HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS. (2017). Retrieved from Connecticut Department of Public Health: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/about_cmv_obs.pdf
4.     About Cytomegalovirus (CMV): TESTING FOR OBSTETRIC HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS. (2017). Retrieved from Connecticut Department of Public Health: http://www.ct.gov/dph/lib/dph/ehdi/cmv_testing_info_obs.pdf

I have learned through years of trying to raise CMV awareness that despite successfully interesting the media in CMV, to ensure a real change in CMV awareness takes changes in public policy.

For more information, click for my One-Page CMV Fact Sheet for Policy Makers, which includes cost estimates of caring for children disabled by congenital CMV ($300,000 per year per child). 


Please let me know if I can meet with you to discuss what can be done about this. 

Lisa Saunders
CMV Awareness Advocate, Parent Rep., Congenital Cytomegalovirus Foundation